What Are the Elements of Cybersecurity and How Does It Work?

The term “cybersecurity” can seem nebulous because it encompasses so many different things. There is not one single tactic a business can take to secure its technology infrastructure. Good cyber security services include multiple layers of protection that address all corners of technology use.

Why is cybersecurity now a vital part of any business operations? Because falling victim to just one cyber attack can leave a business devastated financially. Approximately 60% of small businesses end up closing their doors within 6 months of suffering a data breach or malware infection.

Cyber security companies will look at several areas of a company’s IT infrastructure, from devices to user habits. The goal is to identify areas of risk that could allow a phishing attack to succeed or enable an attacker to gain access to a company system or cloud application.

Many businesses don’t know where networks may be vulnerable to attack because there are so many different methods that hackers are using to get in. A cyber security consultant keeps up on all the latest attack methods, zero-day exploits, and the tools to fight them. 

Different Elements of Cybersecurity:

  • Application security
  • Information security
  • Disaster Recovery Planning
  • Network Security
  • End-user Security
  • Operational Security

Each of the elements above represents a different area of your infrastructure and it’s important to protect each one with various tactics. We’ll describe each one in more detail below.

Application Security

Application security is about keeping software applications impervious to threats. While this is a large focus of those companies that develop and sell their applications and cloud services, it’s also important to businesses.

Misconfiguration of security settings is a major reason for cloud account data breaches. Companies will use a major cloud service like Microsoft 365, but won’t understand that they need to customize security settings from defaults. 

The main causes of cloud application misconfiguration are:

  • Lack of awareness of cloud security policies 
  • Lack of adequate controls & oversight 
  • Use of too many interfaces to govern
  • Negligent insider behavior (i.e., user error)

Doing things like putting multi-factor and administration privilege controls in place are things that cyber security consulting services will do to help strengthen application security to prevent your apps from being breached.

Information Security

Information security covers the protection of company data and that data that you collect from customers, clients, or vendors. When you hear about data privacy and compliance with privacy regulations, these regulations put basic rules in place for information security.

Most companies will need to adhere to one or more information security standards. These standards can have stiff penalties should negligence result in the compromise of personally identifiable information.

Cyber security companies will look at how you collect, store, and transmit data. They’ll put protections in place to ensure that data is encrypted as needed and protected from being breached.

Disaster Recovery Planning

Many companies seek out the help of cyber security consulting services when it comes to disaster recovery planning. This is key to keeping your business from being one of that 60% that fold after falling victim to a cyberattack.

Disaster recovery protections include two important components:

  1. Strategies for preventing a breach or malware infection
  2. Preparations for fast recovery should you fall victim to an attack

Some of the things that a cyber security consultant will put in place are a backup and recovery system, incident response drills, and strong endpoint protection. 

Network Security

Network security involves protecting your physical network and all the devices connected to it. Most companies use firewalls to monitor incoming and outgoing traffic for threats. This is a form of network security.

Securing your wireless network and ensuring any remote connections happen through encrypted methods are also ways that cyber security services will ensure network security.

You can think of network security as a sentry that stands watch at the outer perimeter of a castle. It’s designed to ensure that only authorized users gain access to the network and that no suspicious behaviors are happening inside the network that would indicate a breach.

End-user Security

End-user security is also known as end-point security. This is about protecting the devices that users work with and users themselves. End-user security is vital because 91% of cyberattacks begin with a phishing email.

Some of the common types of end-user protection that you should have are:

  • Keeping devices updated
  • Managed Antivirus/anti-malware
  • DNS filtering to block malicious websites
  • Firmware protection to prevent breaches at the firmware layer
  • Passcode-protected screen locks
  • Remote management and device detection

If you’re not using end-user security, you can easily suffer a breach through an unprotected employee device that gets infected with malware and then spreads that infection throughout the company network.

Another important piece of end-user security, beyond device protection, is employee security awareness training. Employees need to be trained regularly on how to detect phishing emails, password security, how to handle sensitive data, and other important cyber hygiene basics.

Operational Security

Operational security involves taking a step back and looking at your entire security strategy as a whole. It’s ensuring that all security tactics are working in unison throughout your operations and that none are in conflict with one another.

When providing operational security consultations, MSPs will try to think like an attacker. They’ll probe all the different areas of your technology environment to see where a potential breach could occur.

Operational security is the umbrella that encompasses all your IT security processes. It ensures that the operation as a whole is not only securing all areas of a potential breach but also regularly updating its security strategies to keep up with the latest threats and security advances.

Schedule a Cybersecurity Assessment to Review Your Risks

Don’t be in the dark about your cybersecurity risk. Dynamix Solutions can provide a cybersecurity assessment for your Toronto or Calgary business to review any areas of risk and the solutions to address them.

Contact us today to schedule a consultation! Call Toll Free: 1 (855) 405-1087.

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